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Ayeuonganit Wampum Ayimꝏup

Ayeuonganit Wampum Ayimꝏup

In This Place, Wampum Was Made

Ayeuonganit Wampum Ayimꝏup, formally Parrish Pond, is the site of a former Shinnecock wampum-manufacturing site. Through protest, the Shinnecock tribe and Southampton town allocated $900,000 from the Community Preservation Fund to preserve the cultural site.

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Poquahoc Uhtuk

Poquahoc Uhtuk is a place that was used prehistorically as a summer and fall “clambake” site. Food remains, shell heaps, fire pits, and ceramics were found in the area, showing evidence of indigenous occupation.

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Ronkonkoma

Ronkonkoma

Boundary Fishing-Place

Ronkonkoma was once a fresh water pond with a prehistoric village settlement.

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This sacred glacial erratic marks the location of what may have been both the Shinnecock Fort and June Meeting location in the Shinnecock Hills. There have been many references to a contact-period Shinnecock fort, but the specific location has likely been disrupted by development.

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The first known inhabitants of East Hampton and Montauk town were the aboriginal Montaukett — a place name spelled a dozen different ways in early records. It was not a “tribal” name, but a place name which the colonists conferred upon them as they designated them as a “tribe.” The meaning of Montaukett in William Wallace Tooker‘s Indian Place Names on Long Island is given as either the “high or hilly land” or the “fort country”– both of which appear to fit Montauk topography and the presence of two fortified places. 1

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Manhansack-aqua-quash-awamock

Manhansack-aqua-quash-awamock

Island Sheltered by Islands, Shelter Island

Manhansack-aqua-quash-awamock, the traditional Algonquian name for Shelter Island by the Manhanset group who lived there from pre-historic time until the seventeenth century; is approximately 7907 acres in area. This island is unique for having the largest glacial erratic boulders on Long Island, resulting from the Wisconsonian glacier.1

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Sachem’s Hole,” also known as Buc-usk-kil, is the site where the late Manhasset Sachem Poggatticut was laid upon the ground as he was being brought from Shelter Island to Montauk for burial in 1651. From that point on, the area was always kept clear of leaves and debris by local tribal members until the site was eventually destroyed by Turnpike 114. A historical marker exists nearby.

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The territory of this chieftaincy was adjoined by the Matinecocks on the west and extended eastward from the Nissequogue River to Stony Brook and south to the center of the Island. Apparently, there was a disagreement for a time between the Nissequogue and Matinecock Indians concerning their boundary and, as a consequence, they did not always enjoy friendly relations. They had extensive villages at Smithtown and at several other places near the shore within the bounds of their territory.

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Once a Native American hunting and fishing ground, Sylvester Manor has since 1652 been home to eleven generation of its original European settler family with a long intact history of America’s evolving tastes, economies, multi-cultural interaction, and landscapes.

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The Sebonac Creek Site is a Shinnecock settlement occupied from the Late Woodland period until the contact period. A stone pottery fragment resembling a Thunderbird design was found along with evidence of a large wigwam ( 15 by 20 feet ), accompanied by another smaller wigwam (15 by 10 feet) southeast. In the center was a fireplace. Also to the east, a burial was discovered, containing one body.

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Sugar Loaf Hill is an Orient Period burial site facing south eastern, the only Orient burial site known outside of the North Fork of Long Island. During the 20th century, despite being known and marked on maps as early as 1797, the burial grounds were desecrated and developed for contemporary residence.

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Weeckatuck

Weeckatuck

The end of the woods

The indigenous peoples who inhabited the general area of Noyack were a small segment of the Shinnecock, known as the Weckatuck (meaning “end of the woods or trees, or end of the cove or creek.” Sometimes spelled Wickatuck, Wecutake, Wecatuck, Weckatuck, Weeckatuck) . Described by Southampton in a 1964 publication, they were peace loving Indians who settled in isolated groups and lived off shellfish and game. They farmed to a limited degree. Six or eight families lived on one site until the farming land was exhausted, or until collection of refuse became a serious problem. The largest known encampment of Noyack Indians was beside the Mill Pond, now known as the Trout Pond. The last known Weckatucks lived in a teepee back of Mill Pond shortly before the end of the nineteenth century. 1

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The Stony Brook Site is a prehistoric Indian Village located in the town of Stony Brook, New York, often described as an area on the North Store of “Aunt Amy’s Creek.” Found in 1956 and later excavated by William A. Ritchie in 1959, Ritchie describes the component as “Indians [who] are believed to be of the pre-ceramic archaic group who wandered from one semi-permanent camp to the next from c. 3000 B.C to 1000 B.C.” In 1981, Edward Johannemann, director of the Long Island Archaeological Project at the State University at Stony Brook, described the site as a 3,000 year old weapons factory. 1

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The Duke site, named after Anthony Drexel Duke, is a site that was excavated by the New York State Archaeological Association, L.I. Chapter in 1974.  On this site, a shell midden was found, suggesting the presence of indigenous occupation in the area.

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The Fort Pond site, once known as Konkhunganik in the 1800s for it’s south shore and Quanuntowunk as it’s north shore. This eastern shore site represents a seasonally recurrent base camp for nomadic hunter-gatherers and their extended families. The site was utilized during the early portion of the Late woodland during the winter and fall. In archaeological context, the site is known as the Payne site.

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The Fort Corchaug Site is an archaeological site showing evidence of 17th-century contact between Native Americans and Europeans, categorizing it as a post-contact site. Fort Corchaug itself was a log fort built by Native Americans with the help of Europeans, potentially serving as protection for the Corchaug tribe against other tribes.

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Conscience Point is the approximate landing place of the first English colonists who arrived here in June of 1640. The Shinnecock Indians lived around the harbor for many centuries before the arrival of the English who subsequently settled in the vicinity of the present Southampton Village. Both the early settlers and the Native Americans benefited from the productivity of the marsh-bordered land and harbor.

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The Shinnecock Indian Reservation is a self-governing reservation. The reservation has a museum, shellfish hatchery, education center, cultural and community center, playground, and Presbyterian church. 

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Indian Island is a site of spiritual significance. During a 2005 storm, the beach eroded exposing burials and artifacts. The Shinnecock and Unkechaug, in cooperation with the Riverhead Park and Town supervisors, repatriated the remains.

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The Springy Banks site has been described as a favorite summer camping grounds of the Montauk.

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Listing Results

  • Ayeuonganit Wampum Ayimꝏup

    Ayeuonganit Wampum Ayimꝏup

    Early Woodland, Late Woodland

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  • Poquahoc Uhtuk

    Poquahoc Uhtuk

    Early Woodland, Late Woodland, Post-Contact

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  • Ronkonkoma

    Ronkonkoma

    Archaic, Early Woodland, Late Woodland, Orient (Transitional), Paleo-Indian, Post-Contact

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  • Fort Shinnecock

    Fort Shinnecock

    Post-Contact

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  • Montaukett

    Montaukett

    Early Woodland, Late Woodland, Post-Contact

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  • Manhansack-aqua-quash-awamock

    Manhansack-aqua-quash-awamock

    Archaic, Early Woodland, Late Woodland, Orient (Transitional)

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  • Sachem’s Hole

    Sachem’s Hole

    Post-Contact

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  • Nissaquogue

    Nissaquogue

    Archaic, Early Woodland, Late Woodland, Orient (Transitional)

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  • Sylvester Manor

    Sylvester Manor

    Post-Contact

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  • Sebonac Creek Settlement

    Sebonac Creek Settlement

    Late Woodland

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  • Sugar Loaf Hill

    Sugar Loaf Hill

    Early Woodland, Orient (Transitional)

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  • Weeckatuck

    Weeckatuck

    Late Woodland, Post-Contact

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  • Stony Brook Site

    Stony Brook Site

    Orient (Transitional)

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  • Duke Site

    Duke Site

    Late Woodland

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  • Konkhunganik

    Konkhunganik

    Archaic, Early Woodland, Late Woodland, Paleo-Indian

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  • Fort Corchaug

    Fort Corchaug

    Post-Contact

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  • Conscience Point

    Conscience Point

    Post-Contact

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  • Shinnecock Indian Reservation

    Shinnecock Indian Reservation

    Contemporary, Post-Contact

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  • Indian Island Site

    Indian Island Site

    Early Woodland

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  • Springy Banks Pow Wow Grounds

    Springy Banks Pow Wow Grounds

    Contemporary, Early Woodland, Late Woodland, Post-Contact

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