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Archaeologists divide the evolution of Native American cultures into the following
approximate time periods:

Paleo-Indian Period (12,500-8,000 years ago)

Archaic Period (8,000-3,000 years ago)

Woodland Period (3,000-1,000 years ago)

Late Woodland Period (1,000 years ago-1600AD)

the Early Contact Period (1600AD-1700AD)

These periods are marked by specific changes in the material culture that has been revealed in the archaeological sites.


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 A confused appreciation; In 1933, artist Elliott Brooks carved several relief sculptures, two in memory of the Montaukett and Poquatuck people of Long Islands east end. Later he describes desecrating a prehistoric burial, ".. while I dig around for Indian relics, it proved to be a ceremonial burial mound, and I like to imagine that the Indian spirits led me to the cache in appreciation of my carving the memorial."  Looking back at when @nativblood and I tried to find the contact period Montaukett Fort at the highest point in Napeague Harbor.  Four prehistoric human remains were found at Reeve Farm Site in 1961, sparking public and archaeological attention. For decades following, local residents flocked to the farm in an attempt to uncover more remains and artifacts. The skeletal remains were purchased by the Bridgehampton Historical Society and displayed there for several years. Their fate is now unknown.