|Table of Contents||Introduction|
The Fort Pond site, once known as Konkhunganik in the 1800s for it’s south shore and Quanuntowunk as it’s north shore. This eastern shore site represents a seasonally recurrent base camp for nomadic hunter-gatherers and their extended families. The site was utilized during the early portion of the Late woodland during the winter and fall. In archaeological context, the site is known as the Payne site.
Among the archaeological artifacts and features found were hearths, shell middens, an oven pit, pipe bowl fragments, and pottery sherds.
A total of 475 pottery sherds were recovered resebling the Windsor Brushed and Clearview Stamped design. These are of the local Windsor tradition from eastern Long Island or southern New England, but sometimes Sebonac or Windsor Cordmarked.
Konkhunganik is the name of the southern part of Fort Pond, Montauk, East Hampton town, generally applied by historians to the whole part. First noted in the Indian deed of 1661, viz.: “All the piece or neck of land belonging to Montauk land western to a fresh pond in a beach, the name of the pond being Quanuntowunk on the north and Konkhunganik on the south,” (Hedge’s Address, 1849).1
- William Wallace Tooker, Indian Place Names of Long Island, 1911 pp 84 ↩